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  Three Standalone 5G (SA)
Posted by: EirPerson - 01/01/2024, 10:33 PM - Forum: Mobile Broadband - No Replies

So, I see that Three have started to roll out Standalone 5G on their networks.

I love that three is taking the initiave to finally be the first network in Ireland to roll out SA 5G.

I see with Eir and Vodafone, they havent even being doing much in regards to this.
With Vodafone they are decommissioning 3G which seems to have stopped as their rural networks are so bad.
and even with eir, They have stopped upgrading any of their cell sites. They were supposed to bring e-SIM's to the market which still hasnt happened. They arent doing much in regards to their mobile network. mostly just focusing on their fixed products which is a shame as it as to be a collaborative effort to get themselves to number one on the market!

I know from working in customer service that three doesnt have the best record for signal around dublin and in rural areas, but at least they are putting in the effort to make their network as best as possible.

Source: https://www.fiercewireless.com/5g/three-...e-ericsson

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  Ireland ranks last in EU in Mobile Sroadband Speedtest Global index
Posted by: Seán - 31/12/2023, 02:25 PM - Forum: Mobile Broadband - No Replies

Following an article on ISP Review looking at the UK Broadband and Mobile Speeds, I thought I would check how Ireland is doing on its Mobile speeds in Ookla's Speedtest Global Index.  At the start of 2023, the three main mobile operators and Imagine were assigned new spectrum following the completion of the Multi Band Spectrum Award (MBSA2).  While we have seen Three and Vodafone starting to use the new 2600MHz (band 7) spectrum in urban areas, mobile data speeds peaked around April.  So what happened from about May onwards?


Back around May, the main mobile operators started implementing energy saving measures by initially switching off radio bands during off-peak periods when mobile data utilisation is low, followed by completely switching off radio bands on some sites, such as the loss of 4G band 1 on Three sites near me and with bands 1 and 3 on Eir mentioned on Boards.  Ireland dropped from its already very low ranking position of 55 all the way down to a dismal ranking of 75 in July, 11 positions below Spain, the second slowest EU country for mobile data speed:


Ireland’s median country download speed fell to just 30.46Mbps in July compared to 40.2Mbps at its peak in April, improving only slightly to 33.09Mbps by November with its rank moving just two spots up to number 73.  The mobile bandwidth deterioration has also had an impact on Jitter performance, increasing from 7ms in April to 9ms in November.  Like latency, higher Jitter has a negative impact on time sensitive applications such as voice and video calls and online gaming.


If ranking down in position #73 was not bad enough, Ireland's mobile data median download speeds dropped by the largest amount of any EU country since April while the majority of the other EU countries including the UK continued to improve their mobile data speeds:


As I depend on a rural Three site impacted by its 4G band 1 being switched off, the following speed tests show a comparison from about 10:23pm on the 30th December 2023 compared to a similar time after 10pm (add 1 hour for DST) back on the 3rd September, the last time I recall 4G band 1 still operating on the Three mast I depend on for my home Internet connection:


Basically my connection went from performing almost like a 150Mbps fibre connection down to performing like the slow DSL connection I had before we disconnected our landline several years ago, apart from maintaining the fast upload speeds.  There were a few days where my 4G Internet connection deteriorated to the point where I could not stream video in the evenings without constantly seeing the buffering wheel.  When I complained to Three about my connection twice including mentioning about the loss of the 4G band 1 carrier, they could not find any fault with my connection or the cell tower I am connected to as quoted below from their last correspondence:

Quote:Three Customer Support - 04-08-2023
Hi Sean, I've just received an update from our technical team. They have confirmed that they've been unable to find any fault with the mast. They have advised that since your speeds are good during the day but are decreasing around peak times ( evenings). This is when there tends to be a high volume of users, mainly on 4G, and it can cause congestion.

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  Three APN's
Posted by: Padraic - 27/12/2023, 01:12 PM - Forum: Mobile Broadband - No Replies

Hi all, I believe that some of the mobile operators have recently changed/introduced new APN's. It may be good to put together a list of them for reference.
Below is a list of three APN's that I'm aware of. Some may be obsolete by now. 3iot.com is one that cam in a sim card I was trying.

Regards Padraic

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  Router can no longer connect to EE b20 lte mast
Posted by: glacierguy - 15/12/2023, 06:20 PM - Forum: Mobile Broadband - Replies (20)

Hello - I'm a new poster, definitely out in the sticks, the Isle of Skye.

Until about 2 months ago I was receiving 4G internet via an EE sim in a Huawei 535-333 router. This setup had worked for about 18 months and had been great because before the EE mast at Tarskavaig was erected I had only satellite broadband. However, my router can no longer connect and says "registration failed". The same sim inserted in an iPhone connects to 4G no problem. The same sim in the Huawei router when driven 200 miles away, connects fine. I have tried a total of 3 routers - no joy.

EE tech support admit that something has changed at the Tarskavaig mast, but they don't know what. EE carried out a software upgrade at the mast in September (about the time the problem arose) but insist that that couldn't be the cause! They don't know which router would work for me. Not enough people are affected (me and my neighbour) to send out engineers to investigate.

I suggested to EE tech support that the problem might arise in either voLTE or IMS software differences between the iPhone and router. They agree that is possible, but were not able to offer any solutions.

The Tarskavaig mast is 800MHz (B20) LTE only.

The other router I tried was a ZTE MF286D.

I would be very grateful to hear if anyone else has similar experience, and to receive any advice or suggestions.

Thanks very much.

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  Opening ports
Posted by: Patrick - 14/12/2023, 11:49 AM - Forum: Equipment and Software - Replies (2)

Got this from person I extended internet to shed where they installed solar panels. They got this from the installer.

Your router isn't sending all the information to the cloud. Could you ask your provider
I updated the whole device. Please check the system for a few days if there is still network interruption:
the below ports are blocked on the router.
they need to ask your router provider to release the ports in both directions.
The following ports are used:
27250, 27251, 2121, 2122, 50000-51000, 55000-56000, 8080, 10000– 12000

They have a 4G Huawei router with Vodafone. I can probably look up how to do this, but is there security issues with opening the ports?


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  Advice on Antenna
Posted by: billias - 04/12/2023, 09:13 AM - Forum: Mobile Broadband - Replies (5)

Good day,
I moved to a new location and it is a small City in Germany.
My Chateau 5g AX, which I used in Berlin. Has now difficulties.
My new apartment has new windows, and this cuts a lot of signal.

I can reach 1Mbit up/down with 5G SA, and about 30/7Mbit with LTE indoors. but not fully stable.
I did a bit of reading.
I am thinking of getting an External antenna and maybe also adding pigtails to get a 4x4 MIMO antenna, which will allow me to give it a bit of more juice.

My S23 can get better signal, even indoors than the Chateau, I know it is the antenna location of Chateau.

For LTE I get 1 and 20 bands, and I have a -103dBm RSRP, 5g is -110 (But the tower is 2.5km away) and I can catch only n28
ofcourse SINR is low too, and  RSRQ.

Cell mapper shows this 5g tower has n3, n28 and n78
LTE shows B1 and B20 on the closed tower (800m) and 1,3,20 on the long one (same as 5g tower)

The limitations:
- All cell towers are Behind my point of view, and this makes it more difficult to point at. (checked with cellmapper)
- I can put a small antenna in the balcony, not roof top etc.

I was looking into the antenna options, and thought that maybe I can escape with 5G-XPOL-1-V2-41 (comes with sanction cups) and then move to the XPOL-2-V3-5G.

I cannot give a lot of info. As I am now away. but thoughts/suggestions would be nice.

Thank you,

I am thinking of either trying

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  Poor signal 1 bar
Posted by: Govandale1 - 21/11/2023, 01:42 AM - Forum: Mobile Broadband - Replies (1)

Hi I'm new here, just discovered you! Our cottage in Southwest Scotland can only get 1 bar of signal  and only on Vodafone. Also only from a bedroom window . The only possible line of sight direction is Northern Ireland or the IOM but at 40miles and 20 miles its a stretch. How can I find what band I'm on (guessing 20) and find the cell tower I'm picking up. Will an amplifier and antenna help signal strength? What sort would you recommend thats cheap. I really only need voice calls, data is too much to ask. Many thanks.

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  Increasing 4G signal?
Posted by: deanfourie - 19/11/2023, 10:16 AM - Forum: Mobile Broadband - Replies (6)

Hey guys! Wish I found this forum earlier.

I'm rural and able to get 4G however, its pretty bad and slow. Current SIRN is showing 2db.

What are some good recommendation for increasing the signal quality? Directional antennas? YAGI?

Attached below are my current stats. The router is a Huawei B818-263.

Im considering one of these as it looks to be a good MIMO solution.


Thank you!


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Posted by: EirPerson - 19/11/2023, 02:43 AM - Forum: Mobile Broadband - Replies (13)

Hey All
Im EirPerson, An employee of Eir.

If you have any questions on your mind or need any queries answered about Eir, Their services or issues.
Leave them below and I will try to get back to you as soon as possible.

I have a huge knowledge about telecommunications that I learned from this group (Thanks Sean)
So i should be able to give you all detailed answers.
As with other members, Feel free to chip in if im missing anything

Have a great day guys!


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  Choosing antennas for 4x4 MIMO on Chateau LTE18ax
Posted by: MeltdownSpectre - 14/11/2023, 11:10 AM - Forum: Mobile Broadband - Replies (9)

Hi all,

Been lurking on this forum for a while, learnt a lot about mobile broadband here and now want to upgrade the existing setup at our other house.

Disclaimer: I am not from Ireland, nor do I live there. Just decided to post here because everyone seems really knowledgeable about this stuff.

There's no fixed-line internet out there, so no DSL or cable or FTTH.

Currently have a Huawei B535-232 with a Poynting XPOL-2-5G antenna mounted on the roof. Gets about 30-40 Mbps over LTE on a good day, however I believe that's because the B535 is only using a single band (B3 1800).

The carrier we're using has enabled 4x4 MIMO, 256QAM and 2xCA (B3 1800 + B8 900) on the mast we're nearest to, but the B535 doesn't seem to support B3+B8 aggregation or any other features. They also plan to re-farm old 3G spectrum and launch 3xCA in that area as well (B3 1800 + B8 900 + B1 2100).

Just ordered a Mikrotik Chateau LTE18 ax, along with some U.fl to SMA pigtails to do the 4x4 MIMO external antenna mod discussed here.

I've got two antennas already, the Poynting XPOL-2-5G (directional) and the older Poynting XPOL-1 (omni-directional). Would it be possible to combine both of these, seeing as one is directional and the other is an omni antenna and because both have very different gain levels?

If not, what would be a good antenna to combine with the XPOL-2-5G for 1800+900 MHz CA, and potentially 2100 MHz whenever it's available on this mast.

Would appreciate any advice as to how the antennas should be mounted as well, I'm reading lots of conflicting information online and from various  YouTube videos.


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